Causes and Treatments for Sore Knees
Human joints are intended to allow movement between more rigid bones. Unfortunately, the human knee seems to be one of the joints most prone to issues. There are a lot of causes of sore knees, as well as a lot of possible treatments. In order to move forward, you probably need to see your doctor to determine what is causing your pain.
Arthritis is one of the leading causes of joint pain, including pain in the knee area. This can be osteoarthritis, which is caused by injury or aging, or rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune condition that can occur in anyone, at any age. In both cases, damage to the cartilage makes the joint move less smoothly, causing rubbing of parts that shouldn’t touch, and resulting pain.
Old injuries can be a cause of arthritis of the knee. When trauma occurs, the body knits the tissue of the area back together as best as possible. However, scar tissue is not as versatile as normal tissue, and sometimes the healing does not occur correctly. Cartilage does not repair itself as well as other tissues in the body, in addition, which can cause permanent issues with previously-injured joints.
Weight reduction can really help with knee pain in many cases. Not only does the excess weight put more strain on the joints, but seriously overweight and obese people actually adopt a different gait than thinner people. This gait puts unnatural stress on the knee, and can cause new problems or exacerbate old ones.
Interestingly, women tend to have more knee problems than men. Doctors theorize that this is because the female pelvis is wider, to allow for childbirth. Because the hips are further apart but the feet must be positioned under the body for balance, there is a steeper angle between the hip attachment and the knee than there is in a man. This puts sideways stress on the joint, which can perhaps account for the less tolerant knees of women.
One of the most important things to do when treating problematic knees is to take the strain off of them while maintaining muscle tone. Rest is good for acute problems, but if you continuously rest a chronic problem, it can actually get worse. Limited, low-impact movement like walking and swimming will help keep the joint supple while not causing additional strain.
If nothing else can be done, you can have a full knee replacement these days. Having come quite a long way since they were first invented, modern knee replacements can provide the person with mobility that is almost better than new. Most people who have only had the joint on one side replaced say that that is now the stronger side.
In most cases, you should see your doctor about your sore knees if a period of rest does not cure them. Your doctor is your best source of information regarding what is going on in your troublesome joints, and can tell you if there is something you should be doing which would really alleviate the pain. In certain cases, he or she might send you to a physical therapist, for instance.
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